I'm really happy CNN is bringing light to this topic. But sometimes the "green political correctness" has some ironic twists. At first sight the main causes of the Amazon deforestation might be seen as the very visually dramatic huge craters of mineral exploitation – great images when for aerial TV shots- , then the cattle pastures for meat production, and veggie 's favorite: soy bean production. The vegan market is in such a profitable growth that they don't keep track of whatever the sources of their smoothie Soy Milk, Tofu and its likes, and that they are actually eating a piece of the Amazon itself - although I have to admit that Sting’s concerts and fundraisers for the Rain Forests are great -. Irony of life.
But unfortunately for CNN, the media and the green politics, the causes of deforestation are complex. On the surface, the process is driven by demand for timber and farm-and pasture-land. But the primary underlying cause is poverty. In Bolivia, which holds part of the Amazon rainforest, the average annual income is equivalent to $800 ( how many of you earn that in a week? ). Farmers in the countries of the Amazon rainforest do not have the money to buy necessities, so they must raise cattle or crops to live on and to sell. But to do this, they need land. By clearing tracts of land in a small-scale process known as "slash and burn," they convert forestland to farmland. However, because rainforest soil is thin and low in nutrients, pastures and crop fields can be used for only a short time before they are no longer fertile and must be abandoned.As you might notice in this Amazon map, the CNN camp is really in the "legal exploitation" site of the forest, not really at its heart.